Over 500 million years ago Wales formed part of a huge super-continent called Gondwana, which included what is now South America, Africa, central and southern Europe, the Middle East, parts of India and the far East, Australasia and Antarctica. To understand the early origins of Wales we need to explore our relationships not with our current near-neighbours in Europe but those from Gondwana. Departmental research is focused specifically on Cambrian to Silurian marginal terranes that formed the periphery of Gondwana itself or that broke away from the main Gondwanan supercontinent at various intervals during the early Palaeozoic. These are termed peri-Gondwanan terranes. Current projects include palaeobiogeographical and stratigraphical and palaeontological studies, which aid in the reconstruction ancient Palaeozoic continents.