Appendix 1 - Legislation, Conventions and Non-Legislative Guidelines

National and international laws and regulations to which due reference is made by Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales in implementing its Collections Management Policies are listed below.


Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act, 1979
Bona Vacantia [Scotland]
Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003
Data Protection Act 1998
Dealing in Cultural Objects (Offences) Act 2003
Disability Discrimination Act 1995
Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act, 1976
Environmental Information Regulation 2004
Freedom of Information Act 2000
Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974
Human Tissue Act 2004
Import, Export and Customs Powers (Defence) Act, 1939
Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999
Justification of Practices Involving Ionising Radiation Regulations 2004
Merchant Shipping Act, 1894
Merchant Shipping Act, 1995
National Heritage Act, 1980
Protection of Wrecks Act, 1973
Return of Cultural Objects Regulations, 1994
Treasure Act, 1996 [ England, Wales and Northern Ireland]
Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981: including recent schedules


EC Council Directive No. 93/7/EEC on the return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from the territory of a member state
European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage, 1973
UNESCO Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES), 1975
Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act, United States 1990
UNESCO Convention and Protocol for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (Hague Convention), 1954
UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972
UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, 1970
UNESCO Hague Convention (1954) Second Protocol, 1999
UNESCO Human Rights Commission Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of the Heritage of Indigenous Peoples, 1997
UNIDROIT Convention on the Return of Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects, 1995
United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Maatatua Declaration), 1993
World Archaeological Congress: The Vermilion Accord on Human Remains, 1989

Non-legislative guidelines:

Department for Culture, Media and Sport: The Treasure Act, 1996 - a Guide for Museum Curators and Local Government Archaeologists, 1997
Department for Culture, Media and Sport: Due Diligence Guidelines for Collecting and Borrowing Cultural Material: Combating Illicit Trade, 2005
Department for Culture, Media and Sport: Guidance for the Care of Human Remains in Museums, 2005
Department of National Heritage: The Treasure Act 1996 Code of Practice ( England and Wales), 1997
ICOM: Code of Professional Ethics, 1986 (published with ICOM Statutes, 1990)
International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, 1988
International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, 1969
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 1985
Museum Ethnographers' Group: Guidelines on Management of Human Remains, 1991 (revised 1994)
Museums & Galleries Commission series of Standards, 1992-1998
Museums & Galleries Commission Registration Scheme for Museums and Galleries in the United Kingdom, 1995
Museums Association: Code of Practice for Governing Bodies, 1994
Museums Association: Code of Conduct for People who Work in Museums, 1996
Museums Association: Collections for the Future. Report of a Museums Association Inquiry, 2005
Museums Association: Ethical Guidelines: 1. Acquisition, 1996
Museums Association: Ethical Guidelines: 2. Disposal, 1996
Museums Association: Code of Ethics, 2002
Museums, Libraries and Archives Council: Museum Accreditation Scheme, 2004
Museums, Libraries and Archives Council: The Government Indemnity Scheme (GIS), 2004
Museums, Libraries and Archives Council: Benchmarks in Collection Care for Museums, Archives and Libraries, 2002
National Museum Directors Conference: Spoliation of Works of Art during the
Holocaust and World War II Period - Statement of Principles and Proposed Actions, 1998
National Museum Directors Conference: Spoliation of Works of Art during the Holocaust and World War II Period - Interim Report on Provenance Research and Information for Enquirers, 2000
National Museum Directors Conference: Too Much Stuff? Disposal from Museums, 2003
Report of the Committee of Enquiry into the Sale of Works of Art by Public Bodies, 1964
Society of Antiquaries: Statement of Principles on Portable Antiquities, 1993
Society of Museum Archaeologists: Policy on Portable Antiquities, 1999

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