Contact Details

Anna Holmes
Invertebrate Biodiversity
National Museum Cardiff

Cathays Park
CF10 3NP

Phone: +44 (0)29 2057 3343

Staff Name

Anna Holmes

Job Title

Curator: Invertebrate Biodiversity (Bivalves)

Areas of Responsibility:

Bivalvia, in particular marine bivalves. Updating the British Bivalves Website.

Qualifications, memberships and relevant positions

  • BSc (Hons) Zoology (Sheffield), Council Member (Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Member (Porcupine Marine Natural History Society)
  • Honorary Lecturer (Bangor School of Ocean Sciences).

Research Interests

Research focus on Bivalve taxonomy, particularly British bivalves. Recent projects include non-native species with special interest in rafting species (Trans-Atlantic) and post-larval estuarine bivalves. Other interests: Molluscan types in British museums and the history of deep-sea dredging.


Bivalves, taxonomy, deep-sea, phylogeny, Rafting bivalves, Wood borers, curation, benthic molluscs, British bivalves.


Selected Publications

Rowson B., Ablett J., Gallichan J., Holmes A. M., Oliver P. G., Salvador A., Turner J. A., Wood H., Brown C., Gordon D., Hunter T., Machin R., Morgenroth H., Reilly, M. Petts R. & Sutcliffe R. 2018. Mollusca Types in Great Britain. Amgueddfa Cymru-National Museum Wales / Natural History Museum. Available online at 

Barfield P, Holmes A, Watson G & Rowe G, 2018, First Evidence of Arcuatula senhousia (Benson, 1842), the Asian Date Mussel in UK Waters, Journal of Conchology 217-224.

Holmes, A.M., Darbyshire, T., Mortimer, K. & Mackie, A.S.Y. (2017) Proceedings of the 12th International Polychaete Conference, Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales, Cardiff, Wales, UK, 1-5 August 2016. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 97(5):829-1209

Holmes AM, 2017, Phylogenetics of British Saddle Oysters (Bivalvia: Anomiidae) – A review of the shell morphology, internal anatomy and genetics of Pododesmus in British waters. Journal of Conchology 42(5): 317-325.

Holmes AM, 2016, Trans-Atlantic rafting – American molluscs on British and Irish shores. Bulletin of the Porcupine Marine Natural History Society, Spring 2016 5: 44-46.

Purroy A, Šegvić-Bubić T, Holmes A, Bušelić I, Thébault J, Featherstone A & Peharda M, 2016, Combined use of morphological and molecular tools to resolve species mis-identifications in the Bivalvia, The case of Glycymeris glycymeris and G. pilosa. PLOS ONE.

Holmes, A.M., Oliver, P.G., Trewhella, S., Hill, R & Quigley D.T.G. 2015. Trans-Atlantic rafting of inshore mollusca on macro-litter: American molluscs on British and Irish shores, new records. Journal of Conchology, 42 (1) 41-49.

Holmes, A.M. 2014. John Gwyn Jeffreys – the Swansea-born deep-sea dredging pioneer (1809-1885). Minerva, The Swansea History Journal, 22 (2014-15) 115-122.

Holmes, A.M. 2012. John Gwyn Jeffreys – His life and his legacy. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Newsletter, 34, 31-35.

Oliver, P.G., Holmes, A.M., Killeen, I.J. & Turner, J.A. 2010. Marine Bivalve Shells of the British Isles (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales. Available online at

Holmes, A.M. 2009. Challenges in British bivalve taxonomy. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Newsletter, 26, 23.

Oliver, P.G., Wood, H. & Holmes, A.M. 2009. First British record of the shipworm Uperotus (Bivalvia: Teredinae) from driftwood on the Llyn, Wales. Journal of Conchology, 39(6) 681-682.

Oliver P.G. & Holmes, A.M. 2006. The Arcoidea (Mollusca: Bivalvia): a review of the current phonetic-based systematics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 148 (3) 237-251.

Oliver, P.G. & Holmes, A.M. 2006. New species of Thyasiridae (Bivalvia) from chemosynthetic communities in the Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Conchology, 39(2) 175-183.

Oliver, P.G. & Holmes, A.M. 2006. A new species of Lucinoma (Bivalvia: Lucinoidea) from the Oxygen Minimum Zone of the Oman Margin, Arabian Sea. Journal of Conchology, 39 (1), 63-77.

Holmes A.M., Gallichan J. & Wood, H. 2006. Coracuta obliquata n. gen. (Chaster, 1897) (Bivalvia: Montacutidae) – First British record for 100 years. Journal of Conchology ,39(2) 151-158.

Holmes, A.M., Oliver, P.G. & Sellanes, J. 2005. A new species of Lucinoma (Bivalvia: Lucinoidea) from a methane gas seep off the southwest coast of Chile. Journal of Conchology,38 (6) 673-681.

Oliver, P.G., Holmes, A.M., Killeen, I.J., Light, I.J. & Wood, H. 2004. Annotated checklist of the marine Bivalvia of Rodrigues. Journal of Natural History, 38, 3229-3272.

Oliver, P.G. & Holmes, A.M. 2004. Cryptic bivalves with description of new species from the Rodrigues lagoon. Journal of Natural History, 38, 3175-3227.

Oliver, G., Holmes, A., Wood, H., Killeen, I. & Light, J.  Studies of the Mollusca of the Rodrigues Lagoon.  In J.C. Burnett, J.S. Kavanagh and T. Spencer (eds), Shoals of Capricorn Programme Field Report, 1998-2001. Royal Geographic Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) London, 40-41.