William James Tatem, 1st Baron Glanely of St Fagans.
William James Tatem, 1st Baron Glanely of St Fagans.

Lord Glanely is probably best remembered today as a noted racehorse owner, whose horses won all five Classic races of the British turf. However, he made his money in shipping, and was generous in his support of numerous worthy causes in south Wales, particularly Amgueddfa Cymru and Cardiff University.

Tatem was not Welsh at all; he was born at Appledore in north Devon in 1868, and the early death of his father Thomas led his mother to move her family to Cardiff when Tatem was eighteen. He joined the shipping company Anning Brothers as a clerk and became thoroughly familiar with all aspects of the shipping business. Armed with this knowledge he ventured into shipping on his own account in 1897, and the master of one of his first ships was a fellow-native of Appledore, William Reardon Smith.

A substantial fleet

By 1914 Tatem had built up a substantial fleet of sixteen ships. He was knighted in 1916 and in 1918 was elevated to the peerage, taking the title Baron Glanely of St Fagans. A perceptive and far-sighted shipowner, he sold off his entire fleet for a vast sum at the height of the post-First World War boom in 1919, only to re-enter shipowning with the purchase of six new ships, obtained at bargain prices, a few years later. This enabled him to survive the depression years far better than many of his contemporaries.

Exning, Lord Glanely's palatial Newmarket house.
Exning, Lord Glanely's palatial Newmarket house.
Lord Glanely leads in <em>Singapore</em>, victorious in the 1930 St Leger; the jockey was Gordon Richards
Lord Glanely leads in Singapore, victorious in the 1930 St Leger; the jockey was Gordon Richards

'Sporting Bill'

His horse-racing interests expanded considerably after the First World War. In 1919-20 he bought the fine house Exning in Newmarket, together with the nearby Lagrange stables. His first major win came at Royal Ascot in 1919 when his Grand Parade won the Derby. This win caused some controversy, as he had another horse running in the same race, the favourite, Dominion. At the finishing post Dominion was far down the field, while Grand Parade came home first at 33:1 — and all of Glanely's money was on the latter horse! He was a familiar figure at all the major race meetings and was popularly known as "sporting Bill".

Philanthropy and charitable causes

He was generous in his financial support of the National Museum, and this is recalled by the Glanely gallery in National Museum Cardiff. He was twice president of the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, in 1920-25 and 1934-42, where he had funded the construction of new scientific laboratories.

During the Spanish Civil War he employed two of his own ships to transport a large number of Basque refugees to south Wales, and he also endowed a charity to support them thereafter.

Despite his success in so many endeavours, personal happiness eluded him. His only son Shandon died aged just six in 1905, and Lady Glanely died following injuries sustained in a car accident in 1930. He was killed in an air-raid on Weston-Super-Mare on 24 June 1942.

Comments(5)

Steve Tatem
29 June 2021, 23:29
My father Peter Tatem was born in Monmouth and
Glanely funding his apprenticeship at Rolls Royce Derby before the 2nd World war. Our family are descended from his family. Glanely was a really interesting character.
Steve Tatem
29 June 2021, 23:29
My father Peter Tatem was born in Monmouth and
Glanely funding his apprenticeship at Rolls Royce Derby before the 2nd World war. Our family are descended from his family. Glanely was a really interesting character.
Roy May (NO RELATION)
19 June 2020, 18:52
Freddie May was Lord Glanely's chauffer and lived in the coach house next to the garages in Cotton End Rd, Exning (Part of Exning House Estate)
Prior to the house becoming Glanely Rest old peoples home in about 1955. Lord Glanelys Rolls Royce was last observed in Ireland for Wedding Hire.
John McInerney
12 December 2018, 11:23
A provision in Lord Glanely's will eventually supported a professorship in agricultural policy at Exeter University. Does anyone know about the nature of his links with Exeter (or the University College of the Southwest as it would have been known in 1942). His impressive portrait hung in the former Agricultural Economics Unit there and will still be in the university's possession..
Josh May
5 August 2018, 23:29
I own a painting, and a steam engine toy form lord Glanely. Does the name Freddie May ring a bell?

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