The Social & Cultural History Department is based at St Fagans National History Museum. The primary purpose of St Fagans is to illustrate and interpret the daily life and work of the people of Wales from the Middle Ages to the present day.
The Museum's collections fall into the following categories:
- Historic Buildings
- Corporate Life
- Domestic and Costume
- Agricultural, Craft and Transport
- Cultural Life
- These collections consist mainly of business and trade materials, including ironmongery, grocery and other shop contents related to the furnishing of commercial and other occupational buildings.
- Other collections include medical, law and order and ecclesiastical items.
- These collections include a comprehensive range of interior fixtures and furniture, ranging in date from the 16th century to the present day.
- Clothing from all of the above periods is also collected, both fashionable and everyday wear, official uniforms and occupational dress. Also included are accessories of all types and items of personal use. A study collection has also been compiled for use by students and specialised school groups.
- There are comprehensive collections of cooking, dairying equipment, household appliances, tableware, ornaments and furnishing fabrics.
- The horological and country furniture collections are particularly strong, with a large proportion displayed in the re-erected buildings.
- There are large collections of female dress of the 19th and 20th centuries, richly displayed in the costume gallery.
- The collection comprises a range of agricultural tools, implements, vehicles and machinery dating from the late 18th century to the mid-20th century. Most of the artefacts are either of Welsh manufacture or have strong links with Wales.
- The craft collections represent the working life of rural and semi-industrial Wales; they include woodworking, leatherwork and metalworking crafts as well as basketmaking, cornmilling, pottery and other rural occupations. The textile craft collections include quilting, embroidery, lacemaking, tailoring, textile machinery and products of the woollen industry in Wales.
- These include collections relating to music, folklore and customs, cultural, educational and social institutions, popular culture, sports and children's toys and games.