Impressionist and Modern Art

Art in Europe after 1900

Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), Midday, L'Estaque, oil on canvas, about 1879.
Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), Midday, L'Estaque, oil on canvas, about 1879.
NMW A 29292, Cedric Morris, Two Sisters, 1935, '© Cedric Morris Estate'
NMW A 29292, Cedric Morris, Two Sisters, 1935, '© Cedric Morris Estate'

Car park closed

Due to Cardiff’s Calennig Celebrations our car park will be closed between 28 December 2017 - 1 January 2018.

Gallery Closures

Our gallery ‘Man and the Environment’, which includes marine creatures and the Wriggle! exhibition, will be closed 4–18 December for essential maintenance.

In this gallery we see the development of modern art in Europe in the first half of the twentieth century.

By 1900 Impressionism had lost its revolutionary edge and began to be viewed as a safe, academic style. Artists rejected loose, impressionistic brushwork and even questioned the need to capture the visual appearance of the world.

The work of Paul Cézanne and the discovery of ‘primitive’ art - including African sculpture and European folk art - created new avenues for artists to explore. The recognition that the formal qualities of a work (such as shape, line, texture and colour) could be important and expressive in their own right led to the development of abstract or non-representational art.

A little later a group of radical artists looked to unleash the power of the subconscious imagination. The Surrealist movement began in Paris in the 1920s and developed new artistic techniques to connect with dreams and the subconscious. Like the development of abstraction some ten years earlier, Surrealism’s influence soon spread across Europe.

Map of gallery 14

Location:

Gallery 14
National Museum Cardiff
Impressionist and Modern Art