Lower Plants

Lower Plants Collections

Fissidens celticus

The origins of the botanical collections in Cardiff began in 1867 when Cardiff Naturalists Society formed and influenced the development of Cardiff Free Library, Museum and Schools of Science and Art. The first noteworthy botanical purchase of the society was in 1870 with the Conway Collection.

An estimated 337,000 specimens in Amgueddfa Cymru — National Museum Wales herbarium are lower plants, mainly consisting of bryophytes (mosses, liverworts and hornworts) coming to around 280,000 specimens. However, there are also many specimens of lichens (45,000), fungi (6,700) and algae (5,000).

Keeping the collections safe and in good condition is part of the job of curators who work closely with the conservation department in the Museum.

Online Collections

Explore the collections online. We are gradually adding to these, so further catalogues will become available.